Are Stablecoins Safe? A Look Into Stablecoin Risks

By far, collateralized stablecoins are the most popular, well-used, and widely circulated – accounting for the lion’s share of the combined total market cap. So far, none of the projects in the other two categories have achieved any meaningful success by comparison. Uncollateralized stablecoins aren’t backed by any asset of value, but their stability is maintained using an algorithmic model of issuance to control inflation. For example, an investor has a long-term bullish view on ETH but needs USD liquidity. ETH can be deposited into a smart contract, and a stablecoin can be minted from that collateral. For highly liquid tokens such as ETH, investors can mint stablecoins worth 60-80% of the collateral’s value.

Crypto-collateralized stablecoins

Decentralized applications can thus benefit from DAI’s ability to facilitate desired levels of interoperability. Besides lack of transparency, Tether has also been criticized for discrepancies in its collateralized reserves. The Tether project originally claimed that it would provide 100% support for USDT through its cash reserves, where it would hold a dollar for every USDT issued. Besides fiat-backed cryptocurrencies, stablecoins can also be accessed via fiat. Many stablecoins are included in the 2021 stablecoin list, and they are very popular.

Stablecoins have become a staple on most crypto exchanges, making them easy to use for trading with other cryptocurrencies or to cash out. Commodity-backed stablecoins are exactly that — stablecoins backed by a commodity, such as gold. These stablecoins follow a similar principle to fiat-backed stablecoins, pegging their value to a specific commodity, and backing each coin with an equivalent value of that commodity. Stablecoins are designed to hold the same value as an underlying currency, such as the U.S. dollar . Ampleforth is an Ethereum-based protocol that aims to maintain the value of the AMPL cryptocurrency asset at an equal value to the U.S.

The system also guarantees that users will get more than 1 bond token for each stablecoin. When the stablecoin restores its peg, users will be able to redeem one bond token for one stablecoin. While the mechanics of a seigniorage stable can vary from project to project, the principles are the same.


Some, like BitShares USD and Maker’s DAI token, can be considered relatively successful at hedging against market volatility. The stablecoin has more speed, the sUSD peg is better equipped to absorb massive issuance coming with traders generating leverage, and it has more natural buyers from Synthetix. Dai has gained the most traction when it comes to general practice in the whole world. For example, users can earn up to $20 worth of Dai for answering questions about a Coinbase Earn project. Stablecoins pay high interest rates on some platforms, making them a great way to earn passive income.

And none of what you read here is by any way, an investment advice. Multi-corporate tech giant Google has partnered with Coinbase to pilot new services for crypto customers to launch new payments options. Samsung what is a stablecoin and how it works Mobile has announced that it will be harnessing blockchain to make its devices more secure for users to connect. We break down the different types of this emerging investment and explain its risks.

  • A critical note here is that algorithmic stablecoins are completely uncollateralized in their purest form.
  • The content of Coin Insider does not constitute any type of investment advice.
  • If the stablecoin’s value is under $1, the algorithm will allow users to exchange the stablecoin for the token that acts as bonds, therefore decreasing the supply of the stablecoin.
  • Since stablecoins are available on most crypto apps, having stablecoins in your digital wallet is similar to having cash on hand for investment opportunities.
  • Stablecoins are a type of digital currency, but they are typically backed by a fiat currency or other type of currency outside of the cryptocurrency ecosystem.
  • Therefore, Paxos deserves a spot on the list of stablecoins that will be popular in 2022.

Moreover, cryptocurrencies don’t provide a reliable method of exchanging goods and services because of their volatility. The most successful stablecoins that have emerged in the crypto world have thus successfully addressed this issue. Stablecoins, compared to general cryptocurrency alternatives, are characterized by a high level of value stability.

Some watchdog agencies fancy themselves for the job, and have seemed keen to offer their independent services in the advent of regulation. Whether they’re actually best suited for the job, however, is another matter entirely. Additionally, the more recent release of the crypto-backed British stablecoin jFIATs by the Jarvis Network represents an interesting and localized version of the same concept. JFIATs track the price of their representative currency – in this case the UK’s pound – against the US dollar, and are collateralized using USDC (another, US dollar-backed stablecoin). Its automatic market maker pools offer around USD 20bn in liquidity on Ethereum across both stablecoins and non-stable tokens. Today, we take an example of how a collateral-backed stablecoin in DeFi can be issued by anyone and how the peg is maintained.

Currently, the stablecoin ecosystem contains almost 200 stablecoins, making it difficult to compile a comprehensive list. On the other hand, the notable stablecoins listed here can provide valuable insights into the characteristics found in the majority of stablecoins. DAI is a stablecoin cryptocurrency offered by MakerDAO, a decentralized independent organization. It is a completely decentralized stablecoin, which ensures censorship-proofing against centralized administrations. Stablecoins aim to provide an alternative to the high volatility of popular cryptocurrencies, including Bitcoin , which can make cryptocurrency less suitable for common transactions. As of late August 2022, Tether was the third-largest cryptocurrency by market capitalization, worth more than $67 billion.

How Stablecoins Work

With Paxos, Paxos may find it easier to achieve improved adoption with the global payment systems giant. Therefore, Paxos deserves a spot on the list of stablecoins that will be popular in 2022. As a representative of the next generation of stablecoins in 2020, Havven’s Nomin and eUSD are also ERC-20 tokens.

Crypto-collateralized stablecoins

Are a new breed of cryptocurrencies backed by stable underlying assets such as fiat currency real-world assets or on-chain tokens. The approach allows stablecoins to combine the advantages of bitcoin, such as low fees, instant transactions, and complete anonymity, with price stability. Stablecoins are a type of cryptocurrency designed to keep a stable value, with price pegged to an underlying asset. Stablecoins are issued by companies that keep reserves to back the value of the stablecoin, whether that is fiat currency, commodities, crypto, or other assets. Decentralizing The Dollar is a three-part series on stablecoins, each addressing one of the three key methods postulated for tying a stable cryptocurrency to a fiat currency. In Part One, we examined how TrueUSD might rectify the flaws in Tether; in Part Two we looked at Kowala, and algorithmic stablecoins; and in Part Three we’ll look at crypto-collateralized coins.

Risks And Drawbacks Of Stablecoins

DeFi remains the youngest and fastest-moving space within financial markets – with that comes risk. It has taken USD Coin a long time to reach the top of the stablecoin list since its founding in 2017. Despite that, its market capitalization is at least comparable to that of Tether at $7.5 billion. Therefore, it can provide reliable transparency regarding information regarding its cash reserves.

It is not clear today which stablecoin model or models will prevail. The Goguen phase of Cardano allows the development of smart contracts and DApps. Since each individual’s situation is unique, a qualified professional should always be consulted before making any financial decisions.

Crypto-collateralized stablecoins

Stablecoins have become some of the most popular cryptocurrencies to hold for crypto investors, with three of the top 10 cryptocurrencies by market cap being U.S. dollar stablecoins. Stablecoins make it easy to transfer funds between parties and to maintain the value of crypto assets you hold for trading. Fiat-collateralized stablecoins don’t necessarily have to keep reserves 100% in the underlying fiat currency.

Terra Classic Soars As Binance Appeases Cryptos Lunatics

The information on this website is subject to change without notice. Some or all of the information on this website may become outdated, or it may be or become incomplete or inaccurate. We may, but are not obligated to, update any outdated, incomplete, or inaccurate information. Dai tokens largely maintained their dollar peg-with some fluctuations.Maker voters can collect fees on Dai trades, but that right comes with a cost. Please check out other articles of this series which serves as a primer for understanding the fundamentals surrounding stablecoins.

Crypto-collateralized stablecoins

EUSD’s team includes many leaders with extensive experience in blockchain and fintech, which further proves its credibility. This makes the token the ideal candidate for serving as the Ethereum stable token. In addition to being a stabilizing currency, the eUSD could also serve as a proxy for other currencies on decentralized exchanges. On the other hand, it can also serve as a highly stable form of escrow in online work communities. Some of the biggest cryptocurrency markets, including China, Japan, and the United States, cannot use DGX due to legal issues. DGX’s capabilities as a gold-pegged stablecoin limit its potential as one of the top stablecoins in the fintech sector.

Is an ERC 20 token that uses Ethereum to keep a stable value while offering instant transactions and transparency. Each transaction is recorded on a public distributed ledger, allowing for unmatched accountability. Fiat-backed alternatives lack this quality, as they require trust from a centralized entity which may sometimes break the rules.

Nevertheless, USDT is no longer the only fish swimming in the fiat-backed stablecoin sea. Since 2018, competitor stablecoins have flooded the market, including USDC, GUSD, and BUSD. Most likely as a way of distancing themselves from the tribulations of Tether, the issuers mentioned here have all undertaken regular audits of their reserves. There are some assets held in reserve, but an algorithm also helps to control the value. To maintain its peg, the algorithm behind the stablecoin automatically reduces the supply of tokens in circulation whenever its price falls below its target peg. And when the price rises above, it increases the supply of new tokens to push down the price.

Whats The Difference Between Stablecoins & Digital Currencies?

In this article, we have compiled a list of some of the top stablecoins. On CoinMarketCap, platform refers to the parent blockchain of tokens. Basecoin, also known as Basis, was a cryptocurrency whose protocol was designed to keep its price stable. In October 2021, the International Organization of Securities Commissions said stablecoins should be regulated as financial market infrastructure alongside payment systems and clearinghouses.

Stablecoins Launched On Other Blockchains

These stablecoins may also lock down some assets to collateralize the value of the stable, but they mostly rely on an algorithm. The total supply of the algorithmic stablecoins is controlled by an algorithm, and participants can interact with a smart contract to exchange the stablecoin. By selling or buying the algorithmic stablecoin to the system, the total supply is expanded or contracted. Commodity-backed stablecoins are backed by reserves of physical assets like precious metals, oil and real estate. It’s important to note that while commodities markets may not be as volatile as cryptocurrencies, commodity-backed stablecoins are still riskier than fiat-backed stablecoins.

For instance, if you want to buy UST stablecoin, you will need to mint UST by paying with LUNA tokens. This protocol burns those LUNA tokens, constricting the total supply and causing a slight increase in the price of LUNA. The system mints more stablecoins automatically to meet the current demand and retain the peg to the value of $1.

Stablecoins Risks Explained

At, she writes articles on Bitcoin, Ethereum and other cryptocurrencies. Similar to any other investment, stablecoins as an investment has its advantages and disadvantages. Users choose the stablecoin they desire by weighing the pros and cons of each stablecoin, it depends on their needs whether it is recognition, transparency, reliability or more. It is the most trusted stablecoin by main, is extremely transparent and can be redeemed in USD for PAX. It also offers a token version of gold called PAXG which is fully regulated.

Other Cryptocurrencies are extremely volatile when compared to stablecoins which are non-volatile. Most stablecoins are backed by assets, either pegged or collateralized and are hence more stable. One million in traditional currency stored in a bank backs up one million units of stablecoin. This is exactly how the digital currency, stablecoin and the real-asset world are intertwined. The money in the reserve is the “collateral” set up for the stablecoin. Stablecoins are a type of digital currencies that are non-volatile and are pegged to US dollars or to commodity like Gold.

Stablecoins are a special kind of cryptocurrency whose value is pegged or tied to another currency, commodity, or financial instrument. Stablecoins are designed to offer an alternative to the high volatility of most cryptocurrencies, such as bitcoin or ether . Oftentimes, during highly volatile market trends, investors trade their highly volatile assets for stablecoins to maintain the value of their portfolios. Non-collateralized stablecoins make use of a Seigniorage Shares system. Basically, the tokens rely on an algorithm generated mechanically which is able to change the supply volume if needs be so as to maintain the token’s price which is pegged to an asset.

Stablecoins are a type of cryptocurrency whose price is pegged to a less volatile asset, such as a national fiat currency (for example, the U.S. dollar). Some stablecoin prices are pegged to assets such as precious metals or even to other cryptocurrencies. A critical note here is that algorithmic stablecoins are completely uncollateralized in their purest form.

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